The doctors and staff at Apollo hospitals are pleased that you are considering us for your Coronary artery bypass surgery. We would like to take the time to briefly discuss the process of undergoing Coronary artery bypass surgery. Your physician has discussed the indications for surgery and the criteria that must be met prior to your Coronary artery bypass surgery. This information is designed to offer additional information on your preparation before surgery, the surgery itself, and the road to recovery after your procedure.
What is a CABG or Bypass surgery?
Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) is a surgery that enhances blood flow to the heart through the coronary arteries. It is indicated for people who suffer from severe Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) also called Coronary Artery Disease.
CHD is a disorder in which an component called plaque builds up inside the coronary arteries. These arteries supply oxygen-rich blood to your heart. Plaque is made up of fat, cholesterol, calcium, and other substances found in the blood. Plaque can narrow or block the coronary arteries and reduce blood flow to the heart muscle. If the blockage is severe, angina, shortness of breath, and, in some cases, heart attack can occur. The term Angina refers to chest pain or discomfort due to lack of optimal flow of blood to the heart muscle.
CABG is one treatment for CHD. During CABG, a healthy artery or vein from your body is connected or grafted to the blocked coronary artery. The grafted artery or vein bypasses (that is, goes around) the blocked portion of the coronary artery. This creates a new passageway and oxygen-rich blood is channelled around the blockage to the heart muscle.